In this detailed historical and sociological study of the development of scientific ideas, Jonathan Harwood argues that there is no such thing as a unitary scientific method driven by an internal logic. Rather, there are national styles of science that are defined by different values, norms, assumptions, research traditions, and funding patterns.
The first book-length treatment of genetics in Germany,Styles of Scientific Thoughtdemonstrates the influence of culture on science by comparing the American with the German scientific traditions. Harwood examines the structure of academic and research institutions, the educational backgrounds of geneticists, and cultural traditions, among many factors, to explain why the American approach was much more narrowly focussed than the German.
This tremendously rich book fills a gap between histories of the physical sciences in the Weimar Republic and other works on the humanities and the arts during the intellectually innovative 1920s, and it will interest European historians, as well as sociologists and philosophers of science.
Jonathan Harwoodis senior lecturer in the Centre for the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine at the University of Manchester.
Chapter 1: Getting Started: the Argument, Method, and Context
1.1 An Overview of the Argument
1.2 Styles of Thought
1.3 The Revolution in Morphology
1.4 The Response to Specialization
1.5 The Early Days of Mendelism in Germany
Part 1: The Peculiarities of German Genetics
Chapter 2: The Genetics of Development
2.1 Developmental Genetics in Germany during the 1920s
2.2 Cytoplasmic Inheritance
2.3 In Search of Simplicity: George Beadle's Approach to Physiological Genetics
Chapter 3: Genetics and the Evolutionary Process
3.1 The Debate over Natural Selection in Interwar Germany
3.2 The Implications of Cytoplasmic Inheritance for Evolutionary Theory